Aksharam in Print

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IPT Semester V (2020-21)—Electronic Publishing

Prep Video Lessons


*Erratta:
In the Slide head: Read "Discused" as "Discussed".
Lesson 2: TIFF Stands for "Tagged Image File Format".

Important Links

3.1 & 3.2 Introduction, Meaning and Definition of tag and syntax in HTML

Units 3.1 & 3.2 : Video Lessons



Units 3.1 & 3.2 : W3SCHOOL LINKS

IntroductionPDF    HTML EditorsPDF    Basic Examples with SyntaxPDF

Elements,Tags, SyntaxPDFHTML AttributesPDFHead      Title      Body

Formatting Attributes:  Bold,Italic,    emphasize       Underline

Paragraph      BreakHorizontal LineFont     Teletype Font  

Styles, Font, Background color, Text ColorPDF    HTML FormattingPDF   MetaPDF

Horizontal Spacing, Preserve Line BreaksPDF

3.3 Image handling in HTML

Unit 3.3 : Video Lessons



HTML Images, Alt and LinkPDF    Background Images

ADDITIONAL : HTML ColorPDF   HTML EntitiesPDF

3.4 Cascading Style Sheet (CSS)

Unit 3.4 : Video Lessons



CSS OverviewPDF    CSS IntroductionPDF    CSS Syntax and SelectorsPDF    

CSS Types of StylePDF

3.5 CSS Properties   

Unit 3.5 : Video Lessons   (Work-in-Progress, check out later)



CSS BackgroundPDF    CSS FontPDF    CSS BorderPDF

CSS MarginPDF     CSS PaddingPDF    CSS OutlinePDF

CSS Box ModelPDF     CSS ListPDF     HTML TablePDF    CSS TablePDF

4.1 Introduction to XML, Advantages, Design, Features of XML
and Difference between XML and HTML

XML Intro1PDF    XML Intro2PDF

XML - Design & Features 1PDF    XML - Design & Features 2PDF

Advantages and Differences between HTML and XML - Please refer to Notes.

4.2  Basic XML tags and syntax and Examples of XML declaration. method.

XML SyntaxPDF    XML Basic Tags & ElementsPDF    XML AttributesPDF

Refer notes for "Steps for creation of XML document".

4.3 Steps for creation of XML document and Rules and regulations of XML document.

Text to come

4.4   Advance XML Coding, C data, Encoding, Encoding errors, Name spaces, Declaring name space, solving the name conflict using a prefix and Default namespaces.

XML C DataPDF     XML NamespacesPDF

Additional Material Support

XML DOMPDF

ENCODING

❑ What do you mean by the term encoding?
Encoding can have two meanings: In computer technology, encoding is the process of applying a specific code, such as letters, symbols and numbers, to data for conversion into an equivalent cipher. In electronics, encoding refers to analog to digital conversion.

❑ What is Unicode character encoding?
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems. ... Unicode can be implemented by different character encodings. The Unicode standard defines UTF-8, UTF-16, and UTF-32, and several other encodings are in use.

❑ What is the meaning of UTF 8?
UTF-8 is a compromise character encoding that can be as compact as ASCII (if the file is just plain English text) but can also contain any unicode characters (with some increase in file size). UTF stands for Unicode Transformation Format. The '8' means it uses 8-bit blocks to represent a character.

❑ What do you mean by character encoding?
Character encoding is used to represent a repertoire of characters by some kind of encoding system. Depending on the abstraction level and context, corresponding code points and the resulting code space may be regarded as bit patterns, octets, natural numbers, electrical pulses, etc.

❑ Is Ascii and UTF 8 the same?
Yes, except that UTF-8 is an encoding scheme. Other encoding schemes include UTF-16 (with two different byte orders) and UTF-32. ... But nowadays ASCII is used so that one ASCII character is encoded as one 8-bit byte with the first bit set to zero

❑ What is UTF 16 encoding? UTF-16 (16-bit Unicode Transformation Format) is a character encoding capable of encoding all 1,112,064 valid code points of Unicode. The encoding is variable-length, as code points are encoded with one or two 16-bit code units (also see Comparison of Unicode encodings for a comparison of UTF-8, -16 & -32).

❑ Which Unicode encoding to use?
(Only ASCII characters are encoded with a single byte in UTF-8.) UTF-8 is the most widely used way to represent Unicode text in web pages, and you should always use UTF-8 when creating your web pages and databases. But, in principle, UTF-8 is only one of the possible ways of encoding Unicode characters.

What is the encoding for XML?
XML - Encoding. Advertisements. Encoding is the process of converting unicode characters into their equivalent binary representation. When the XML processor reads an XML document, it encodes the document depending on the type of encoding. Hence, we need to specify the type of encoding in the XML declaration.

❑ What is UTF 8 encoding in XML?
To avoid errors, you should specify the encoding used, or save your XML files as UTF-8. UTF-8 is the default character encoding for XML documents. Character encoding can be studied in our Character Set Tutorial. UTF-8 is also the default encoding for HTML5, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, and SQL

❑ What is a Prolog in XML?
The prolog refers to the information that appears before the start tag of the document or root element. It includes information that applies to the document as a whole, such as character encoding, document structure, and style sheets.